Army Rangers, otherwise known as the 75th Ranger Regiment, are a special operations unit of the Army and in order to become a Ranger, you must meet various qualifications.
The process goes as follows:
- Basic Combat Training (BCT) and U.S. Army Airborne School
- Advanced Individual Training (AIT)
- Army Airborne School
- Ranger Assessment and Selection (RASP)
Once you meet the qualifications and complete the RASP process, you can proudly say that you are an Army Ranger and don the tan beret.
Here, we’ll go into everything you need to know about becoming an Army Ranger and how you can prepare.
How Hard is it to Become an Army Ranger?
Depending on the physical and mental stamina you’re already able to bear, how hard it is to become an Army Ranger varies from person to person. In general, though, it’s one of the toughest groups to be part of and you should prepare for a struggle.
- In order to qualify to become an Army Ranger you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Volunteer for assignment and be on active duty
- Have a General Technical Score of at least 105
- Pass the physical requirements including the Ranger Fitness Test
- Qualify and volunteer for airborne training
- Be without a pending UCMJ action or drug or alcohol-related incidents within 24 months
- Enlist into or currently hold a Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) found in the 75th Ranger Regiment
- Qualify for secret clearance, at a minimum
Within those requirements, there are a few specifics to go over. Firstly, what is a General Technical Score?
Your General Technical Score refers to one of the scores on your Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test. Also known as your GT score, it’s determined by combining your Verbal Expression (VE) and Arithmetic Reasoning (AR) scores.
Next, you might be asking, what’s involved in the fitness tests to become an Army Ranger? It includes the Ranger Fitness Test, the Water Survival Assessment, and a 12-mile march while carrying a 35-pound rucksack and a weapon in less than three hours.
The Ranger Fitness Test requires 58 push-ups, 69 sit-ups, a five-mile run in 40 minutes or less, and six pull-ups. The Army suggests a Ranger Workout Plan to help prepare for RASP and assess where you stand.
Before you start the program, test yourself over a four-day period:
- Complete the Army Physical Fitness Test plus your max number of pull-ups
- Time your five-mile run
- Complete a 15-meter swim in ACUs and boots with LCE and a dummy rifle
- Time your 12-mile road march carrying a 45-pound rucksack
- Spend the rest of the week doing light cardio and stretches
Before each workout, the Army also encourages hopeful rangers to warm up and cool down every time with a variety of drills. For the complete Ranger Workout Plan offered by the Army, check out their webpage here.
How to Become an Army Ranger Officer
In order to become an Army Ranger Officer, you must meet all the general requirements and then some. In addition to the qualifications outlined above, Army Ranger Officer applicants must:
- Be an officer grade of O-1 to O-4
- Qualify for Top Secret Security Clearance
- Meet Year Group specific criteria
- Hold an Officer MOS found in the 75th Ranger Regiment
From there, officers must complete RASP and have to graduate in the same manner that enlisted Rangers must.
Army Airborne School
Army Airborne School is a three-week course teaching the candidates techniques such as parachuting from airplanes and landing safely, with training culminating in a non-assisted jump.
The first week is called Ground Week which is an intensive program with instruction on building individual airborne skills. Training during this week takes place with a mock door, the 34-foot tower, and a lateral drift apparatus.
Next, Tower Week concludes your individual training and starts to focus on team building strategies. In order to complete week two, candidates must qualify on the Swing Lander Trainer (SLT), master the mass exit exercises from the tower, and successfully complete all physical training requirements.
Finally, there’s Jump Week where students must successfully take five jumps from 1,250 feet out of either a C-130 or C-131 aircraft. When candidates meet the requirement of Jump Week, they’ll be awarded an additional skill identifier and will be authorized to wear the coveted “Silver Wing” on their Army uniform.
Ranger Assessment and Selection (RASP)
RASP is separated into two phases: testing and Ranger skills training.
During the testing phase, Army Ranger hopefuls must complete a range of physical and psychological tests. They’ll be graded not only on their ability to get through the exams but also on their strength of character and their leadership abilities.
Forced Muck March and Run: During RASP, Ranger candidates will complete several 6 to 12-mile muck marches in full uniform carrying 50 pounds of gear each time. Ranger hopefuls must also complete two graded five-mile runs.
Land Navigation (Day and Night): Both within teams and done individually, candidates are tested on how well they can locate and travel to their objectives, most of the time only using a compass and a map.
First Responder Test: One of the critical skills for Rangers is knowing about medical response and evacuation. Potential Rangers, therefore, are tested on their ability to quickly and efficiently retrieve and stabilize casualties.
Screenings: Ranger candidates are also tested on their knowledge of Ranger history, the Ranger Creed, and they’ll undergo psychological screenings.
During the Ranger skills training, which is the second phase of RASP, Ranger candidates learn specific skills and maneuvers to prepare them for life in the field such as direct action combat, airfield seizure, and personnel recovery.
Combat Driver’s Course: Here, Ranger hopefuls will be practicing convoy maneuvers in both day and night conditions as well as in various combat environments.
Marksmanship and Tactics: Instruction on the basic principles of direct action combat, the cornerstone of Ranger missions.
Explosives and Breaching: Candidates learn and demonstrate proper technique when it comes to entering urban enclosures, such as setting and detonating explosives to open doors. Ranger hopefuls are then tested in their ability to identify which doors require which breaching methods.
There is also RASP2 which is available for senior noncommissioned officers, officers, and warrant officers. In RASP 2, candidates are tested on physical and mental strength while learning tactics, techniques, and procedures as well as understanding the expectations that go along with leading and developing young Rangers.
Additionally, Ranger School is the premier small unit leadership course of the Army and attendance is expected by all members of the 75th Ranger Regiment either before or after their graduation from RASP.
Available MOS Positions in the 75th Ranger Regiment
One of the other requirements of becoming an Army Ranger is that you must have an MOS that is found in the 75th Ranger Regiment.
As of July 2019, the current list of MOS titles authorized for hire within the Army Rangers are:
- 11B Infantryman
- 11C Indirect Fire Infantryman
- 11Z Infantry Senior Sergeant
- 12B Combat Engineer
- 12H Construction Engineering Supervisor
- 12R Interior Electrician
- 12W Carpentry and Masonry Specialist
- 12Y Geospatial Analyst
- 13F Fire Support Specialist
- 13Z Field Artillery Senior Sergeant
- 15E Unmanned Aircraft Systems Repairer
- 15W Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator
- 25B Info Sys Opr-Analyst
- 25C Telecommunications
- 25D Cyber Network Defender
- 25E Electromagnetic Spectrum Manager
- 25N Nodal Network Systems Operator-Maintainer
- 25P Microwave Systems Operator-Maintainer
- 25S Satellite Communications Systems
- 25U Signal Support Systems Specialist
- 25W Telecommunications Operations Chief
- 25X Chief Signal NCO
- 27D Paralegal Specialist
- 29E Electronic Warfare Specialist
- 35F Intel Analyst
- 35G Geospatial Intelligence Imagery Analyst
- 35L Counterintelligence Specialist
- 35M Human Intel Collector
- 35N SI Analyst
- 35P Cryptologic Linguist
- 35X Intelligence Senior Sergeant/Chief Intelligence Sergeant
- 35Z Signals Intelligence Senior Sergeant
- 36B Accounting Specialist
- 37F Psychological Operations Specialist
- 38B Civil Affairs Specialist
- 42A Human Resources Specialist
- 56M Chaplain Assistant
- 68J Medical Logistics Specialist
- 68S Preventive Medicine Specialist
- 68W Combat Medic Specialist
- 68X Mental Health Specialist
- 74D Chemical Operations Specialist
- 88M Motor Transport Operator
- 89B Ammunition Specialist
- 91B Light-Wheel Vehicle Mechanic
- 91C Utilities Equipment Repairer
- 91D Power-Generation Equipment
- 91E Allied Trades Specialist
- 91F Small Arms/Artillery Repairer
- 91G Fire Control Repairer
- 91S Stryker System Maintainer
- 91X Maintenance Supervisor
- 91Z Senior Maintenance Supervisor
- 92A Automated Logistical Specialist
- 92F Petroleum Supply Specialist
- 92G Food Service Operations
- 92L Petroleum Laboratory Specialist
- 92R Parachute Rigger
- 92W Water Treatment Specialist
- 92Y Unit Supply Specialist
- 94E Radio and Communication Security
- 94F Special Electronic Devices
- 94W Electronic Maintenance Chief
These openings change now and then so, for an updated list, visit the Army Rangers’ website or contact email@example.com for enlisted queries or firstname.lastname@example.org for officer queries.
How to Become an Army Ranger Medic
Army Combat Medics (68W) first must complete the Army Basic Airborne Course and RASP. They must also complete the Special Operations Combat Medics (SOCM) course.
Located in Fort Bragg, the home of Army Special Operations, the Joint Special Operations Medical Training Center is an Army-run medical school where potential Ranger Medics take the SOCM course.
It’s the final step in becoming an Army Ranger Medic, as long as there is an MOS 68W job opening available.
SOCM is a 36-week course for the sole purpose of expanding their skill-set. Potential Army Ranger Medics will learn Combat Trauma Management and Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC), giving medics the skills they need to handle combat wounds.
Completion of SOCM certifies students as National Registry EMTs with qualifications in Basic Life Support, Pediatric Education for Prehospital Providers, and Advanced Cardiac Life Support.
How to Become an Army Ranger Sniper
To become an Army Ranger Sniper, you first have to become an Army Ranger following all the steps outlined above. From there, it might take years before you have the chance to become a sniper for the elite 75th Ranger Regiment.
Since the sniper community within the regiment is so small and their missions are so secretive, there is limited information about what’s involved in the selection process.
In general, though, to become an Army Ranger Sniper, you usually will have had to have served on multiple deployments and have held multiple leadership positions in order to qualify.
If you’re interested in eventually becoming a sniper for the Army Rangers, it’s best to talk with your superiors and make sure you get your career going in the best possible direction to gain the skills and titles necessary.
Long story short, it’s not an easy road when you’re looking to becoming an Army Ranger. As one of the most elite military groups in the world, it’s an accomplishment to be proud of but does not come without a cost.
As an incredibly dangerous job, the training and tests are completely necessary and are meant to reveal your flaws. Prepare yourself as best you can and find out more at https://www.goarmy.com/ranger.html